Treating Plans Between Adults Diagnosed with Schizophrenia with Children and Adolescents

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Comparison Treating Plans Between Adults Diagnosed with Schizophrenia with Children and Adolescents

Assignment: Early Onset Schizophrenia Children and adolescents with schizophrenia have more difficulty functioning in academic or work settings, and significant impairment usually persists into adulthood. They may have speech or language disorders and in some cases borderline intellectual functioning. These individuals are more likely to complete suicide attempts or die from other accidental causes. Schizophrenia is characterized by positive and negative symptoms. Positive symptoms include hallucinations, delusions, and behavior disturbance. Negative symptoms include blunted affect and attention, apathy, and lack of motivation and social interest. In this Assignment, you compare treatment plans for adults diagnosed with schizophrenia with treatment plans for children and adolescents diagnosed with schizophrenia. You also consider the legal and ethical issues involved in medicating children diagnosed with schizophrenia. Comparison Treating Plans Between Adults Diagnosed with Schizophrenia with Children and Adolescents . Learning Objectives Students will: • Compare evidence-based treatment plans for adults versus children and adolescents diagnosed with schizophrenia • Analyze legal and ethical issues surrounding the forceful administration of medication to children diagnosed with schizophrenia • Analyze the role of the PMHNP in addressing issues related to the forceful administration of medication to children diagnosed with schizophrenia To Prepare for this Assignment: • Review the Learning Resources concerning early-onset schizophrenia. The Assignment (2 pages): • Compare at least two evidence-based treatment plans for adults diagnosed with schizophrenia with evidence-based treatment plans for children and adolescents diagnosed with schizophrenia. • Explain the legal and ethical issues involved with forcing children diagnosed with schizophrenia to take medication for the disorder and how a PMHNP may address those issues. Note: The School of Nursing requires that all papers submitted include a title page, introduction, summary, and references. The Sample Paper provided at the Walden Writing Center provides an example of those required elements (available at http://writingcenter.waldenu.edu/57.htm). All papers submitted must use this formatting. By Day 7 Submit your Assignment. Rubric Detail Select Grid View or List View to change the rubric’s layout. Name: Comparison Treating Plans Between Adults Diagnosed with Schizophrenia with Children and Adolescents . NRNP_6660_Week9_Assignment_Rubric • Grid View • List View Show Descriptions Quality of Work Submitted: The extent of which work meets the assigned criteria and work reflects graduate-level critical and analytic thinking.– Excellent 27 (27%) – 30 (30%) Assignment exceeds expectations. All topics are addressed with a minimum of 75% containing exceptional breadth and depth about each of the assignment topics. Good 24 (24%) – 26 (26%) Assignment meets expectations. All topics are addressed with a minimum of 50% containing good breadth and depth about each of the assignment topics. Fair 21 (21%) – 23 (23%) The assignment meets most of the expectations. One required topic is either not addressed or inadequately addressed. Poor 0 (0%) – 20 (20%) The assignment superficially meets some of the expectations. Two or more required topics are either not addressed or inadequately addressed. Quality of Work Submitted: The purpose of the paper is clear.– Excellent 5 (5%) – 5 (5%) A clear and comprehensive purpose statement is provided that delineates all required criteria. Good 4 (4%) – 4 (4%) The purpose of the assignment is stated, yet is brief and not descriptive. Fair 3.5 (3.5%) – 3.5 (3.5%) The purpose of the assignment is vague or off-topic. Poor 0 (0%) – 3 (3%) No purpose statement was provided. Assimilation and Synthesis of Ideas: The extent to which the work reflects the student’s ability to: Understand and interpret the assignment’s key concepts.– Excellent 9 (9%) – 10 (10%) Demonstrates the ability to critically appraise and intellectually explore key concepts. Good 8 (8%) – 8 (8%) Demonstrates a clear understanding of key concepts.Comparison Treating Plans Between Adults Diagnosed with Schizophrenia with Children and Adolescents . Fair 7 (7%) – 7 (7%) Shows some degree of understanding of key concepts. Poor 0 (0%) – 6 (6%) Shows a lack of understanding of key concepts and deviates from topics. Assimilation and Synthesis of Ideas: The extent to which the work reflects the student’s ability to: Apply and integrate the material in course resources (i.e., video, required readings, and textbook) and credible outside resources.– Excellent 18 (18%) – 20 (20%) Demonstrates and applies exceptional support of major points and integrates 2 or more credible outside sources, in addition to 2–3-course resources to support point of view. Good 16 (16%) – 17 (17%) Integrates specific information from 1 credible outside resource and 2–3-course resources to support major points and point of view. Fair 14 (14%) – 15 (15%) Minimally includes and integrates specific information from 2–3 resources to support major points and point of view.

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Poor 0 (0%) – 13 (13%) Includes and integrates specific information from no resources or 1 resource to support major points and point of view. Assimilation and Synthesis of Ideas: The extent to which the work reflects the student’s ability to: Synthesize (combines various components or different ideas into a new whole) material in course resources (i.e., video, required readings, textbook) and outside, credible resources by comparing different points of view and highlighting similarities, differences, and connections.– Excellent 18 (18%) – 20 (20%) Synthesizes and justifies (defends, explains, validates, confirms) information gleaned from sources to support major points presented. Applies meaning to the field of advanced nursing practice. Good 16 (16%) – 17 (17%) Summarizes information gleaned from sources to support major points but does not synthesize. Fair 14 (14%) – 15 (15%) Identifies but does not interpret or apply concepts and/or strategies correctly; ideas unclear and/or underdeveloped. Poor 0 (0%) – 13 (13%) Rarely or does not interpret, apply, and synthesize concepts and/or strategies. Written Expression and Formatting Paragraph and Sentence Structure: Paragraphs make clear points that support well-developed ideas, flow logically, and demonstrate the continuity of ideas. Sentences are clearly structured and carefully focused—neither long and rambling nor short and lacking substance.– Excellent 5 (5%) – 5 (5%) Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for structure, flow, continuity, and clarity. Good 4 (4%) – 4 (4%) Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for structure, flow, continuity, and clarity 80% of the time. Fair 3.5 (3.5%) – 3.5 (3.5%) Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for structure, flow, continuity, and clarity 60%–79% of the time. Comparison Treating Plans Between Adults Diagnosed with Schizophrenia with Children and Adolescents . Poor 0 (0%) – 3 (3%) Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for structure, flow, continuity, and clarity < 60% of the time. Written Expression and Formatting English writing standards: Correct grammar, mechanics, and proper punctuation.– Excellent 5 (5%) – 5 (5%) Uses correct grammar, spelling, and punctuation with no errors. Good 4 (4%) – 4 (4%) Contains a few (1–2) grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors. Fair 3.5 (3.5%) – 3.5 (3.5%) Contains several (3–4) grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors. Poor 0 (0%) – 3 (3%) Contains many (? 5) grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors that interfere with the reader’s understanding. Written Expression and Formatting The paper follows correct APA format for the title page, headings, font, spacing, margins, indentations, page numbers, running head, parenthetical/in-text citations, and reference list.– Excellent 5 (5%) – 5 (5%) Uses correct APA format with no errors. Good 4 (4%) – 4 (4%) Contains a few (1–2) APA format errors. Fair 3.5 (3.5%) – 3.5 (3.5%) Contains several (3–4) APA format errors. Poor 0 (0%) – 3 (3%) Contains many (? 5) APA format errors. Total Points: 100 Name: NRNP_6660_Week9_Assignment_Rubric Week 9: Early-Onset Schizophrenia “I can’t believe he is speaking to me! I have always liked his music, but now here he is on TV speaking directly to me! When I started following him on social media, he must have seen my profile. I know he loves me. He cannot love that model I saw with him in the picture. She must be the person following me to school. I have not seen her, but I know she is there. She does not want me to be with him, but I will be with him. He loves me as much as I love him.” Kaitlyn, age 17 Early-onset schizophrenia is a rare and severe mental illness in which children interpret reality abnormally. There is a range of problems with cognitive functioning, behavior, and emotions. Perceptions may be distorted and children or their parents may report that they have difficulty distinguishing reality. This is a diagnosis that is difficult to confirm in the early stages. This week, you compare evidence-based treatment plans for adults versus children diagnosed with schizophrenia. You analyze the legal and ethical issues involved with forcing patients with early-onset schizophrenia to take medications for the disorder. You also complete a Decision Tree concerning children with psychotic disorders. Learning Resources Required Readings American Nurses Association. (2014). Psychiatric-mental health nursing: Scope and standards of practice (2nd ed.). Washington, DC: Author. • Standard 10 “Quality of Practice” (pages 73-74) American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Washington, DC: Author. • “Schizophrenia Spectrum and Other Psychotic Disorders” Giles, L. L., & Martini, D. R. (2016). Challenges and promises of pediatric psychopharmacology. Academic Pediatrics, 16(6), 508-518. doi:10.1016/j.acap.2016.03.011 Hargrave, T. M., & Arthur, M. E. (2015). Teaching child psychiatric assessment skills: Using pediatric mental health screening tools. International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine, 50(1), 60-72. McClellan, J., & Stock, S. (2013). Practice parameter for the assessment and treatment of children and adolescents with schizophrenia. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 52(9), 976–990. Retrieved from http://www.jaacap.com/article/S0890-8567(13)00112-3/pdf Sadock, B. J., Sadock, V. A., & Ruiz, P. (2014). Kaplan & Sadock’s synopsis of psychiatry: Behavioral sciences/clinical psychiatry (11th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer. • Chapter 31, “Child Psychiatry” (pp. 1268–1283) Stahl, S. M. (2014). Prescriber’s Guide: Stahl’s Essential Psychopharmacology (5th ed.).Comparison Treating Plans Between Adults Diagnosed with Schizophrenia with Children and Adolescents . New York, NY: Cambridge University Press. Note: All Stahl resources can be accessed through the Walden Library using the link. This link will take you to a login page for the Walden Library. Once you log in to the library, the Stahl website will appear. To access information on the following medications, click on The Prescriber’s Guide, 5th Ed. tab on the Stahl Online website and select the appropriate medication. Review the following medications: Schizoaffective disorder Schizophrenia amisulpride aripiprazole asenapine carbamazepine (adjunct) chlorpromazine clozapine cyamemazine flupenthixol haloperidol iloperidone lamotrigine (adjunct) l-methyl folate (adjunct) loxapine lurasidone mesoridazine molindone olanzapine paliperidone perospirone perphenazine pipothiazine quetiapine risperidone sertindole sulpiride thioridazine thiothixene trifluoperazine valproate (Divalproex) (adjunct) ziprasidone zotepine zuclopenthixol amisulpride aripiprazole asenapine carbamazepine (adjunct) chlorpromazine clozapine cyamemazine flupenthixol haloperidol iloperidone lamotrigine (adjunct) l-methyl folate (adjunct) loxapine lurasidone mesoridazine molindone olanzapine paliperidone perospirone perphenazine pipothiazine quetiapine risperidone sertindole sulpiride thioridazine thiothixene trifluoperazine valproate (Divalproex) (adjunct) ziprasidone zotepine zuclopenthixol Note: Many of these medications are FDA approved for adults only. Some are FDA approved for disorders in children and adolescents. Many are used “off label” for the disorders examined in this week. As you read the Stahl drug monographs, focus your attention on FDA approvals for children/adolescents (including “ages” for which the medication is approved, if applicable) and further note which drugs are “off label.” Required Media Laureate Education (Producer). (2017b). A young girl with strange behaviors [Multimedia file]. Baltimore, MD: Author. Optional Resources Thapar, A., Pine, D. S., Leckman, J. F., Scott, S., Snowling, M. J., & Taylor, E. A. (2015). Rutter’s child and adolescent psychiatry (6th ed.). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley Blackwell. • Chapter 57, “Schizophrenia and Psychosis” (pp. 774–794) Comparison Treating Plans Between Adults Diagnosed with Schizophrenia with Children and Adolescents .