The Application of Data to Problem-Solving Hospital Acquired Infections

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6051 Week 1 Discussion: The Application of Data to Problem-Solving

6051 Week 1 Discussion: The Application of Data to Problem-Solving

Post a description of the focus of your scenario.

The case scenario involves the high incidence of hospital acquired infections in a medical facility. The facility notes that many of its patients are staying in the facility to address hospital acquired infections long after the initial health care concerns had been addressed. The scenario creates a need to understanding the specific departments in which hospital acquired infections occur, related medical activities, and how changes in clinical activities could influence the incidence rates. 6051 Week 1 Discussion: The Application of Data to Problem-Solving.

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Describe the data that could be used and how the data might be collected and accessed.

Developing an understanding of hospital acquired infection rates in a medical facility as well as how to effectively intervene requires the collection of data. In this case, there is a need to access the medical records to determine the specific proportion of patients who are diagnosed with hospital acquired infections, the incidence rates reported in each department, and the clinical activities associated with the different incidence rates. This data can be collected from the electronic health records (EHR) system. In addition, there is a need to collect data on incidences of hospital acquired infection in other medical facilities, interventions they have applied as well as the results of the interventions in terms of changes in hospital acquired infection incidence rates. Besides that, there is a need to evaluate current evidence from publications that report on hospital acquired infections and interventions applied in research activities (Ellis & Bach, 2015).

What knowledge might be derived from that data?

The collected data can help in deriving knowledge on the incidences of hospital acquired infection in the facility to include the associated clinical activities and departments/units. For instance, the surgical unit could be associated with high incidences of infection with the issue linked to open surgeries conducted in the facility. This would help to show that surgeries increase risk of infection. In addition, the data would help in deriving knowledge about what other facilities are doing to address the issue of hospital acquired infections and the results of their interventions. For instance, it would help in comparing the performance of the medical facilities that use hand sanitizers against those that use handwashing with soap and water (Saba & McCormick, 2015). Besides that, it would help in identifying the interventions proposed and explored in research activities and their performance in addressing the issue. For instance, a research report can indicate how to apply a care bundle and how this would affect the infection rates. 6051 Week 1 Discussion: The Application of Data to Problem-Solving. Also, it would help to explore the feasibility of the different interventions in terms of costs and changes in workflow processes, such as requiring the medical facility to train medical personnel on hand hygiene and purchase hand sanitizers that increase costs and negatively affect profitability. Overall, the acquired data helps in deriving knowledge on how the different interventions affect the infection rates (McGonigle & Mastrian, 2018).

How would a nurse leader use clinical reasoning and judgment in the formation of knowledge from this experience?

In the present case scenario, a nurse leader will rely on clinical reasoning and judgement to form knowledge through deliberate actions. Firstly, there would be a need to collect data at the facility to identify trends and correlations. This is important for tracing the specific clinical activities that are associated with the changes in infection rates. Secondly, there would be a need to collect data from other facilities in order to understand how they are addressing the issue and how this is affecting the infection rates. This is important for identifying what may or may not work in terms of interventions. Thirdly, there would be a need to evaluate current evidence in terms of research conducted on the issue of hospital acquired infections and the performance of the interventions explored in the different researches. With this information it becomes easier to identify the more feasible and effective interventions against the infections, how each intervention should be applied at the facility, the expected costs, and opportunities for improvement (McGonigle & Mastrian, 2018).

References (140)

Ellis, P., & Bach, S. (2015). Leadership, management and team working in nursing (2nd ed.). SAGE Publications.

McGonigle, D., & Mastrian, K. (2018). Nursing informatics and the foundation of knowledge (4th ed.). Jones and Bartlett Learning.

Saba, V., & McCormick, K. (2015). Essentials of nursing informatics (6th ed.). McGraw-Hill. 6051 Week 1 Discussion: The Application of Data to Problem-Solving.

Assignment: The Nurse Leader as Knowledge Worker
The term “knowledge worker” was first coined by management consultant and author Peter Drucker in his book, The Landmarks of Tomorrow (1959). Drucker defined knowledge workers as high-level workers who apply theoretical and analytical knowledge, acquired through formal training, to develop products and services. Does this sound familiar?

Nurses are very much knowledge workers. What has changed since Drucker’s time are the ways that knowledge can be acquired. The volume of data that can now be generated and the tools used to access this data have evolved significantly in recent years and helped healthcare professionals (among many others) to assume the role of knowledge worker in new and powerful ways.

In this Assignment, you will consider the evolving role of the nurse leader and how this evolution has led nurse leaders to assume the role of knowledge worker. 6051 Week 1 Discussion: The Application of Data to Problem-Solving. You will prepare a PowerPoint presentation with an infographic (graphic that visually represents information, data, or knowledge. Infographics are intended to present information quickly and clearly.) to educate others on the role of nurse as knowledge worker.

Reference: Drucker, P. (1959). The landmarks of tomorrow. New York, NY: HarperCollins Publishers.

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To Prepare:

Review the concepts of informatics as presented in the Resources.
Reflect on the role of a nurse leader as a knowledge worker.
Consider how knowledge may be informed by data that is collected/accessed.

The Assignment:

Explain the concept of a knowledge worker.
Define and explain nursing informatics and highlight the role of a nurse leader as a knowledge worker.
Develop a simple infographic to help explain these concepts.
Your PowerPoint should Include the hypothetical scenario you originally shared in the Discussion Forum. Include your examination of the data that you could use, how the data might be accessed/collected, and what knowledge might be derived from that data. Be sure to incorporate feedback received from your colleagues’ responses. 6051 Week 1 Discussion: The Application of Data to Problem-Solving.
Week02_Assignment_Rubric

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List View
Excellent Good Fair Poor
Develop a 5- to 6-slide PowerPoint presentation that addresses the following:
· Explain the concept of a knowledge worker.
· Define and explain nursing informatics and highlight the role of a nurse leader as a knowledge worker.

32 (32%) – 35 (35%)
The presentation clearly and accurately explains the concept of a knowledge worker.

The presentation clearly and accurately defines and explains nursing informatics with a detailed explanation of the role of the nurse leader as a knowledge worker.

Includes: 3 or more peer-reviewed sources and 2 or more course resources.

28 (28%) – 31 (31%)
The presentation explains the concept of a knowledge worker.

The presentation defines and explains nursing informatics with an explanation of the role of the nurse leader as a knowledge worker.

Includes: 2 peer-reviewed sources and 2 course resources.

25 (25%) – 27 (27%)
The presentation inaccurately or vaguely explains the concept of a knowledge worker.

The presentation inaccurately or vaguely defines and explains nursing informatics with an inaccurate or vague explanation of the role of the nurse leader as a knowledge worker.

Includes: 1 peer-reviewed sources and 1 course resources.

0 (0%) – 24 (24%)
The presentation inaccurately and vaguely explains the concept of a knowledge worker or is missing.

The presentation inaccurately and vaguely defines and explains nursing informatics with an inaccurate and vague explanation of the role of the nurse leader as a knowledge worker or is missing.

Includes: 1 or fewer resources.

· Develop a simple infographic to help explain these concepts. 14 (14%) – 15 (15%)
The presentation provides an accurate and detailed infographic that helps explain the concepts related to the presentation.

12 (12%) – 13 (13%)
The presentation provides an infographic that helps explain the concepts related to the presentation.

11 (11%) – 11 (11%)
The presentation provides an infographic related to the concepts of the presentation that is inaccurate or vague.

0 (0%) – 10 (10%)
The infographic provided in the presentation related to the concepts of the presentation is inaccurate and vague, or is missing.

· Present the hypothetical scenario you originally shared in the Discussion Forum. Include your examination of the data you could use, how the data might be accessed/collected, and what knowledge might be derived from the data. Be sure to incorporate feedback received from your colleagues’ replies. 32 (32%) – 35 (35%)
The presentation clearly and thoroughly includes the hypothetical scenario originally shared in the Discussion Forum, including a detailed and accurate examination of the data used, how the data might be accessed/collected, and the knowledge that could be derived from the data.

28 (28%) – 31 (31%)
The presentation includes the hypothetical scenario originally shared in the Discussion Forum, including an accurate examination of the data used, how the data might be accessed/collected, and the knowledge that could be derived from the data.

25 (25%) – 27 (27%)
The presentation includes the hypothetical scenario originally shared in the Discussion Forum, including an examination of the data used, how the data might be accessed/collected, and the knowledge that could be derived from the data that is vague or inaccurate.

0 (0%) – 24 (24%)
The presentation includes the hypothetical scenario originally shared in the Discussion Forum, including an examination of the data used, how the data might be accessed/collected, and the knowledge that could be derived from the data that is vague and inaccurate, or is missing.

Written Expression and Formatting – Paragraph Development and Organization:
Paragraphs make clear points that support well developed ideas, flow logically, and demonstrate continuity of ideas. Sentences are carefully focused–neither long and rambling nor short and lacking substance. 6051 Week 1 Discussion: The Application of Data to Problem-Solving.

5 (5%) – 5 (5%)
Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity.

4 (4%) – 4 (4%)
Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity 80% of the time.

3.5 (3.5%) – 3.5 (3.5%)
Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity 60%- 79% of the time.

0 (0%) – 3 (3%)
Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity < 60% of the time.

Written Expression and Formatting – English writing standards:
Correct grammar, mechanics, and proper punctuation

5 (5%) – 5 (5%)
Uses correct grammar, spelling, and punctuation with no errors.

4 (4%) – 4 (4%)
Contains a few (1-2) grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors.

3.5 (3.5%) – 3.5 (3.5%)
Contains several (3-4) grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors.

0 (0%) – 3 (3%)
Contains many (≥ 5) grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors that interfere with the reader’s understanding.

Written Expression and Formatting – The paper follows correct APA format for title page, headings, font, spacing, margins, indentations, page numbers, running head, parenthetical/in-text citations, and reference list. 5 (5%) – 5 (5%)
Uses correct APA format with no errors.

4 (4%) – 4 (4%)
Contains a few (1-2) APA format errors.

3.5 (3.5%) – 3.5 (3.5%)
Contains several (3-4) APA format errors.

0 (0%) – 3 (3%)
Contains many (≥ 5) APA format errors.

Total Points: 100
6051 Week 1 Discussion: The Application of Data to Problem-Solving