Nurse Practitioner Core Competencies Essay

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Nurse Practitioner Core Competencies Essay.

The field of nursing revolves around providing quality nursing care to patients hence improving the quality of their lives. Nurse practitioners have since stepped up to the roles of registered nursing, enhancing care provision and the efficiency of the US health system. The National Organization of Nurse Practitioner Faculties (NONPF) has thus developed a list of competencies that are core to the efficacy of various nursing professions to match their responsibilities in the healthcare sector (Hicks, Rico, & Beauchesne, 2018).Nurse Practitioner Core Competencies Essay.

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The core competencies stress on the expectations of the profession following licensure. The nine competencies are ethics, leadership, quality, health delivery system, practice enquiry, policy, independent practice, and technology and information literacy (Thomas et al., 2017). Nurse practitioners are bound to hop into leadership positions hence the emphasis on ethics and leadership skills. They are also actively involved in the creation and implementation of policies towards better and quality healthcare delivery.Nurse Practitioner Core Competencies Essay.

Throughout my nursing education, I have learnt the importance of nurse practitioner competencies towards my career development. I look forward to polishing my communication and nursing skills and rise to nurse leadership position in future. Through ethics, quality services, independent practice and IT literacy, I anticipate developing into an efficient NP with the capacity t save lives and make healthcare delivery efficacious. Active participation in health policy creation and implementation will go a long way in ensuring quality and timely healthcare, thus improving the quality of life. I also intend to grow to a level at which I will comfortably apply evidence-based approaches in solving clinical issues for my clients. Implementation of EBP models demonstrates technology and information literacy, which yields better patient outcomes and service delivery (Thomas et al., 2017). I would like to train myself on collaborating with other medical professionals as inter-professional teams hold the future of health delivery.Nurse Practitioner Core Competencies Essay.

In 1990, the National Organization of Nurse Practitioner Faculties (NONPF), a United States-based organization which represented over 90% of academic institutions with nurse practitioner (NP) education programs, released the first set of entry into practice core competencies (Duller, 2013, p .71). Nurse practitioner core competencies integrate and build upon existing Masters and DNP core competencies and are guidelines for educational programs preparing NPs to implement the full scope of practice as a licensed independent practitioner ( NONPF, 2011). By interviewing an advanced nurse practitioner, I will be able to discuss the nine nurse practitioner core competencies and how they relate to APN practice.Nurse Practitioner Core Competencies Essay.

NONPF Core Competencies

The first competency area is scientific foundation competency. This competency critically analyzes data and evidence for improving advanced nursing practice. Nurse practitioners rely on scientific competency to integrate research, theory and knowledge into practice. Research of their practice will allow NPs to influence public policy through participation in professional organizations and in health policy activities at the local, state, national and international levels (Sherwood, Brown, Fay, & Wardell, 2012, para. 6).Nurse Practitioner Core Competencies Essay.

Abstract
The job of a nurse (regardless of the field of nursing he or she is involved in) is very diverse and includes many tasks, responsibilities, and duties that differ from one field of nursing to another. This paper provides the description of the core competencies of a family NP and a nurse administrator followed by the comparison and contrast of their occupations.Nurse Practitioner Core Competencies Essay.

Just like in all the other professions, in nursing there exist the core competencies for the professionals. They include a set of basic requirements that is usually supplemented by an additional list of skills and abilities that are specific to each particular field of nursing or versatile positions. This paper explores the core competencies of two different types of nursing professionals – a family nurse practitioner and a nurse administrator. The requirements are discussed in this paper for comparison and contrast.Nurse Practitioner Core Competencies Essay.

Core Competencies of Family Nurse Practitioner
The list of the core competencies of a family nurse practitioner includes seven major categories each of which is subdivided into tasks and subcategories. These major categories are:

Disease prevention and treatment, promotion and protection of health
Assessment of health (evaluation of the patients’ health condition and status)
Provision of a diagnosis
Establishment of the health care plan
Implementation of treatment according to the plan
Maintenance of a relationship with the patient and their family
Patient education (the practitioner is to use an individual approach to different patients, tutor them and their caregivers, improve health literacy, and the patients’ ability to manage their treatment correctly and independently)
The functions specific to the role of the nurse practitioner (the professional is to be committed and demonstrate integrity and loyalty to the patients’ health needs)
Management of how health care is delivered
Adherence to the health care excellence requirements and the intention to always implore patient experience
The provision of culturally competent care (HRSA, 2002).Nurse Practitioner Core Competencies Essay.
Burman (2003) reported that the family nurse practitioner competencies that involved the skills of critical thinking, the knowledge of professional ethics, and the use of evidence-based techniques and methods of treatment were recognized as the most appreciated abilities for this type of professional. Also, the other features that were rated very high included the legal competency (the knowledge of laws related to the field) and familiarity of versatile spiritual and cultural sets of beliefs (Burman, 2003).Nurse Practitioner Core Competencies Essay.

Core Competencies of Nurse Administrator
Similarly to those of a family nurse practitioner, the core competencies of nurse administrator are arranged in several major categories that are listed below:

Leadership (change management, systems thinking, succession planning, and thinking skills)
Professionalism (accountability, professional ethics, career management and planning, application of evidence-based management clinical practice improvements)
Healthcare environment knowledge (diverse proficiency in clinical practice, the application of evidence-based knowledge, risk management, quality improvement, governance, and also the familiarity with the policy in health care and its economics)
Management of communication and relationships (coordination of relationships with the patients as well as with the staff members, communities, academic relationships, successful involvement with the diverse groups, and the ability to influence behaviors)
Knowledge of business principles and the ability to apply business skills (understanding of such disciplines as marketing, human resource management, healthcare financing, business-related policies, strategic planning, and the management of information and technology (Golden, 2012).Nurse Practitioner Core Competencies Essay.
In the Healthcare Leadership Alliance Model, these competencies are presented in the form of a scheme with leadership category at the center, communication management, and professionalism – at the top, and environment and business knowledge – at the bottom (Golden, 2012).

Comparison and Contrast
The lists of the core competencies of both types of nursing professionals are similarly long and diverse. This aspect signifies that a nurse administrator and a family nurse practitioner both have very wide scopes of tasks and duties. At the same time, their roles differ significantly. The major tasks of the family nurse practitioner are related directly to communication and interaction with the patients and their families and involve the assessment of the clients’ health statuses, establishment of diagnosis, creation of a treatment plan, and education of the patients and their caregivers.Nurse Practitioner Core Competencies Essay.

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In contrast, the core competencies of a nurse administrator include the knowledge of a wider range of fields – for example, nurse administrator does not work directly with the clients, but his or her job is to consider such aspects of health care provision as quality improvement, risk management, and governance. Besides, the nurse administrator is involved in the process of interactions with the clients using coordinating and managing it. Nurse Practitioner Core Competencies Essay.While the family nurse practitioner is focused specifically on the practice of health care delivery to the patients in need, the duties of a nurse administrator cover many different fields such as financing, policy administration, and implementation, case management, strategic and business planning, and the management and technology and information. It is possible to conclude that nurse administrator is more versatile as a profession and requires a much wider scope of knowledge whereas the practice of a family NP is concentrated directly on the work with the patients and the delivery of care.Nurse Practitioner Core Competencies Essay.