MCH Epidemiology

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MCH Epidemiology: Pregnancy Risk Assessment

Practicum: Epidemiology: Define Your Population and Selected Problem

Overview: This week, you will further refine your population and problem and compare your suspicions about this problem to local, state, and national data on the topic. Your practicum project should come into clear focus as you continue to analyze related health data, and you should consider how you, as the nurse, might help them avoid development of the problem in the first place (primary prevention measures).

Practicum Discussion: This week your assignment is to collect and then refine health data about the issue that affects your population group. You will use scholarly professional literature to support your ideas about the population at risk. If data is not available for your population on a local level, then use county or state data. Some examples of health data that you might consider gathering are epidemiological information related to health conditions, reproductive outcomes, causes of death, vital statistics, socioeconomic data including poverty and/or educational levels, quality of life issues, and/or lack of access to health care due to lack of health insurance or access to providers. You will want to compare local data with state and national trends to fully understand the extent of the selected problem in your community.

Please address the following points in your Practicum Discussion:

Describe the specific health problem and population you have selected.MCH Epidemiology: Pregnancy Risk Assessment

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What data did you find to support your decision? Help each other further refine and clarify the problem and population.

What useful health data and public health websites did you locate to support your position?

What other evidence did you find? You can include scholarly articles in this discussion.

By Day 4

Post your response to this Discussion.

Support your response with references from the professional nursing literature.

Please check my Walden page week 2 practicum.

Please I will like my topic to be teen pregnancy.

Teen Pregnancy

Teen pregnancy is the pregnancy that happens to young girls who are below 20 years. Pregnancy at an early is dangerous since the women are exposed to higher chances of developing anemia and preeclampsia during the pregnancy (Arceo-Gómez & Campos-Vazquez, 2014). In addition, the development of babies conceived by teenagers can be affected since most mothers are still weak to maintain a pregnancy. Globally, more than 21 million girls get pregnant at their teen age with approximately 15 million giving birth. Teen pregnancy is therefore a global problem that occurs in low, high and middle income earners.

Teenage pregnancy is more common in Mexico as opposed to developed countries like the United States. According to World Bank, 70 girls in every 1000 adolescent girls become pregnant every year in Mexico. Majorly, teen pregnancies are related to the immorality, poverty and lack of education (Cashdollar, 2018). As such, young girls who lack basic education have contributed to more than 42 percent of the teenage pregnancies. In addition, exposure to violence and homicide has reduced the cases of teenage pregnancies in Mexico. However, homicide and violence reduced sexual behavior significantly in teenagers.

Inequity to access health services caused by the socioeconomic strata in Mexico has fuelled teenage pregnancies at a high rate. Teen pregnancies lead to strenuous financial and personal costs leading to instability in the living standards (Murillo-Zamora et al, 2019). Moreover, children born by young mothers are prone to developing behavioral issues and health problems compared to children with matured parents. Therefore, I would advocate for programs that will effectively reduce the alarming numbers of teenage pregnancy.MCH Epidemiology: Pregnancy Risk Assessment

The use of multidimensional approach including skill building to empower teens in decision making, education about sexual consequences and contraceptive use awareness will greatly help in the reduction of teen pregnancies cases (Cashdollar, 2018). Mexico used the multidimensional approach which greatly helped the Mexican government in prevention and reduction of teen pregnancies.

References

Arceo-Gómez, E. O., & Campos-Vazquez, R. M. (2016). Teenage pregnancy in Mexico: evolution and consequences. Latin American journal of economics, 51(1), 109-146.

Cashdollar, S. E. (2018). Neither Accidental nor Intended: Pregnancy as an Adolescent Identity Project among Hispanic Teenage Mothers in Doña Ana County, New Mexico. Journal of Adolescent Research, 33(5), 598-622.

Murillo-Zamora, E., Mendoza-Cano, O., Guzmán-Esquivel, J., Trujillo-Hernández, B., Higareda- Almaraz, M. A., Ahumada-López, L. A. … & García-López, N. A. (2019). Trends in Teen Births in Mexico Spanning 25 Years: A Need for Regionally-directed Preventive Strategies. Archives of medical research, 50(3), 142-150.

MCH Epidemiology: Pregnancy Risk Assessment