Alcohol And Drug Abuse

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Alcohol And Drug Abuse Essay

Many of us are quite familiar with the terms alcohol and drug abuse. Either, we have a family member or friends who use alcohol or abuse, maybe even we use them ourselves. As much as we might consider this to be a minor problem, well, many are grappling with this problem for long and it is one problem that has been there for so long.Alcohol And Drug Abuse Essay

As a depressant, alcohol slows down the important functions leading in slurred speech, unsteady movement, inability to react quickly and disturbed perceptions. However, how it affects the mind it is understood best that as a drug in decreases the ability of a person to be rationale and distorts their judgement. On the hand, drug abuse is the frequent use of a substance in which the user consumes the substances with methods or in amounts that can harm them or others (Common Wealth of Australia, 201). Though the main cause of drug abuse has not been established, therefore, it is not possible to just have one direct cause.Alcohol And Drug Abuse Essay


Drug abuse leads to drug addiction which is chronic. It is often relapsing brain disease that causes compulsive drug use and seeking. This is despite the harmful consequences to the addicted person and to those around them. The initial decision to take drugs is often voluntary to most people. However, over the period there are changes that occur in the brain and the challenges which the addicted individual’s self-control and hampers their ability to resist intense impulses to take drugs (Department of Health & Human Services, 13).

Many a times, it is not easy to always know when one’s drinking has crossed the line from social use or moderate to drinking problem. Alcoholism and alcohol abuse have a higher chance of catching up with those who consume alcohol in order to cope with difficulties or avoiding feeling bad. Often, when this happens, not many will realise that they have a drinking problem (Common Wealth of Australia, 65). They will take it as a normal thing unless they are told so by those around them.Alcohol And Drug Abuse Essay

There are many interconnected factors that cause alcoholism and alcohol abuse and strangely the genetics are also involved, how one was brought up, emotional health and one’s social environment. Those whom their family’s history is of alcoholism or those who closely associate with heavy drinkers have higher chances of developing drinking problems. Either, those who suffer from mental health problems like depression, anxiety, or bipolar disorder are also singularly at risk because they may use alcohol to self-medicate (Department of Health & Human Services, 5). It is also important to note that due to the fact it is not easy to figure when one has crossed the line from social drinking to problem drinking, if drinking cause’s problems in your life then you have a drinking problem.Alcohol And Drug Abuse Essay

Substance abuse experts have made a distinction between alcoholism which is also known as alcohol dependence and alcohol abuse. However, alcohol abusers have some ability to set limits on their drinking unlike alcohol abusers. This does not mean that they are safe. The alcohol abusers still cause self-destruction and harm to themselves and to those around them. Therefore, the over consumption of alcohol is not good to the consumers.

The common signs and symptoms and symptoms of alcohol abuse are such as: Neglecting of responsibilities at work, home or school repeatedly because of drinking. The usage of alcohol in situations where it is dangerous physically, for example, one getting arrested due to the fact that they are driving under the influence of alcohol. Additionally, a person might be at logger heads with the authority because of drinking such as getting arrested often. An addict may have continued consumption of alcohol even though it is bringing a strain to your relationships, as well as using alcohol as a way of relaxing or removing stress (Department of Health & Human Services, 11).Alcohol And Drug Abuse Essay

The path from alcohol abuse to alcoholism
Though it is a big risk factor, not all alcohol abusers become full-blown alcoholics. Alcoholism may develop suddenly in response to a change that is stressful such as retirement, break up or another loss. It also gradually creeps up on as one’s tolerance to alcohol increases. Alcoholism is a serious form of drinking problem. Alcoholism has two major signs: Tolerance, where one needs more and more alcohol to feel the same effects (Common Wealth of Australia, 76). The other sign is the experiencing withdrawal symptoms if alcohol is taken away from you.Alcohol And Drug Abuse Essay

Alcohol abuse and alcoholism affects all aspects of one’s life. Long-term use of alcohol causes serious problem to the health of an individual. It affects almost every organ in one’s body including the brain. Drinking problem causes damage to the career, emotional stability, finances and one’s ability to building and sustaining satisfying relationships. Alcoholism and alcohol abuse have an impact on the family, those people you work with and also friends (Department of Health & Human Services, 17).

The social consequences are devastating despite the lethal damage that heavy drinking does to the body including heart problems, cancer and liver disease. The probability of an alcohol abuser and an alcoholic getting a divorce is high as they often experience domestic violence, live in poverty and struggle with unemployment. Though one can be able to strive in their work or make their marriage work, one cannot escape the effects of alcoholism and alcohol abuse on their relationships (National Prevention Council, 2). Drinking problems often strain the people who are close to you.Alcohol And Drug Abuse Essay

Many a times, the family members and close friends feel obliged to cover for the person who experiences drinking problem. This forces them to carry the burden of cleaning up one’s messes, working more to make ends meet or lying for you. They usually pretend that there is nothing wrong thus hiding away all their fears and resentment takes a toll on them. Due to the fact that children are sensitive, they are likely to suffer a long lasting emotional trauma (Common Wealth of Australia, 36).

Drug abuse on the other side is brought by many factors. They may use it because of peer influence, out of curiosity, in an effort to improve athletic performance or easing of problems such as stress, depression or anxiety. Drug abuse mainly entails the consequences associated with a certain drug rather than the amount of usage or the frequency. Regardless of the amount of consumption, if the drug causes problems in your life then you likely have a drug abuse problem.Alcohol And Drug Abuse Essay

Just as the many other diseases and conditions, vulnerability to addiction differs from one person. One’s genes, family, mental health and social environment all have a role in addiction. Factors that increases one’s vulnerability are such as; early use of drugs, history of family in addiction, neglect ,abuse or other traumatic experiences in childhood, mental disorders such as anxiety and depression (Common Wealth of Australia, 36). Lastly, the method used in administering such as injecting or smoking a drug can increase its addictiveness.Alcohol And Drug Abuse Essay

Drug abuse develops when one experiments with drugs and continues to use them because it elevates their feelings. Drug use gradually increase over time and forces one to using it frequently and lastly leads to the drugs being important to you. Also, one may find that the drug fulfils their valuable need. This may mean that you cannot do without that drug thus leading to its abuse (National Prevention Council, 2).

Different drugs have different effects physically. The common signs and symptoms of drug abuse are such as; one neglecting their responsibilities at work, school or at home. An addict may use the drugs in a dangerous situation such driving while on drugs or even having unprotected sex when high (Support and Equity Unit, 2). The drug is often getting you into legal problems which are very bad to one’s reputation. The drug use causes problems in your relationships then it shows that one is suffering from drug abuse.Alcohol And Drug Abuse Essay

The users who abuse drugs often try to conceal this and it might be hard for one to know unless you catch them in the act. There are signs that can be grouped into physical, behavioural and psychological. The physical signs involve having pupils which are larger or smaller than usual, blood shot eyes. There are changes in sleep patterns or appetite. Also, smell of breath, body or clothing, slurred speech or impaired coordination (National Prevention Council, 2). The behavioural signs are such as sudden increase in the need of money without proper explanation, drop in attendance and performance, frequently getting into trouble. The psychological problems are such as mood swings, not having motivation, change in attitude which can’t be explained (Support and Equity Unit, 3).Alcohol And Drug Abuse Essay

Drug abuse can make one to depend on the drug in order to function. This may include shivering and the speech having tremor which means that one is so used to the drug such that without it, they withdraw away. Co-dependence has effects on the user of the drug has it will make him or her resent others who cannot relate to them through using the drugs (Support and Equity Unit, 4).

In conclusion, alcohol and drug abuse is a major problem in our society though often we tend to overlook it. A large population can identify with this and the solution is through us joining hands and working as a team in ensuring that we approach the problem. A nation that does not abuse drugs is one that is productive and healthy.Alcohol And Drug Abuse Essay


Drug abuse, also known as Drug addiction is defined as chronic, relapsing brain disease that is characterized by compulsive drug seeking and use, despite its harmful consequences. The initial decision of drug taking is voluntary but repeated uses leads to its addiction. Addiction of any form is dangerous. What is even more worse is that mostly young children and youth are hit by this storm. Most illicit use of drugs starts at the age of 16-17 years of age. It starts with merely smoking of cigarettes and gradually drowns the person into the trap of drug abuse. Stress, anxiety, peer pressure, poverty are some of the main causes of drug abuse.As is well said-“it is never too late”. Therefore, we all need to focus strictly on this important matter now. Government should set targets to reduce the drug-abuse levels. It should ensure that efficient preventive measure are been taken. At our individual level we should contribute effectively in eradicating this problem. Besides, it is a major responsibility on parents to talk to their children and shape up their minds positively. They should not pressurize them academically and socially so much that they fall into this menace. Parental control including a healthy home environment is a must for controlling drug addiction. Parents, the guiding light must teach their children to feel empathy and compassion for others Alcohol And Drug Abuse Essay

For many young people, using alcohol, drugs, or other substances like cigarettes is just part of growing up. Many of them try these substances only a few times and stop, while others may continue to use them on a more regular basis.

Young people may try a number of substances, including alcohol, household chemicals (inhalants), prescription and over-the-counter medicines, illegal drugs, and cigarettes. They use alcohol more than any other substance. They use alcohol and cannabis (marijuana) more than any other substances.

Young people use these substances for many of the same reasons that adults do—to relax or feel good. But they may also have other reasons for using substances. For example, they may want to know what it feels like to get high. Or they may want to rebel against their parents or fit in with their friends.Alcohol And Drug Abuse Essay

Using alcohol or drugs can affect young people’s general health, physical growth, and emotional and social development. It can also change how well they make decisions, how well they think, and how quickly they can react. And using alcohol or drugs can make it hard for young people to control their actions. For some young people, alcohol or drug use may turn into a substance use problem.

Parents can play a key part in teaching their children about alcohol and drug use by talking honestly and openly about the effects that alcohol and drugs can have on their children’s health, schoolwork, and relationships.Alcohol And Drug Abuse Essay

Alcohol abuse is a serious problem, driving while drunk or under the influence of drugs is an even bigger problem that shouldn’t be taken lightly. Abusing either one of these substances can lead to the death of you or the death of someone else or even cause a major change in their life like Jacqueline’s story, her whole life has been changed because of another person’s ignorance and carelessness. Therefore, you should know the facts about drug and alcohol abuse before you do something you may regret for the rest of your life.
According TO NIDA FOR TEENS: THE SCIENCE BEHIND DRUG ABUSE, drugs are chemicals or substances that change the way our bodies work. Drugs find their way into your bloodstream, whether you ingest, inhale or inject Alcohol And Drug Abuse Essay
That is when he began dealing drugs. He then got caught and now resides in maximum- security jail. In many cases teens that you may know do end up going to jail because they have become addicted to the drugs they have been using and they will do anything to buy what they need. At that point your fellow peers or even friends will begin dealing drugs thinking that it is the quickest means of receiving money. With the money they receive, it goes towards the drugs they want to purchase. According to TREATMENT EPISODES DATA SET (TEDS) 1992-2002, SAMHSA, 2006, Marijuana is addictive. More teens are in treatment with a primary diagnosis of marijuana dependence than for all other illicit drugs combined. Several teens begin using substances when they are introduced to marijuana. Alcohol And Drug Abuse Essay